2021, Volume 1, Issue 2

Examining self-efficacy levels of football referees



Sercan Kural1, Faruk Aydin2

1Faculty of Sport Sciences, Bartın University
2Faculty of Sport Sciences, Lokman Hekim University


Author for correspondence: Sercan Kural; Faculty of Sport Sciences, Bartın University; email: sercankural@hotmail.com


DOI: 10.29359/BJHPA.2021.Suppl.2.12

Full text

Abstract

Background: This study examined football referees’ self-efficacy in relation to multiple variables. In this context, the aim of the research is to examine the self-efficacy of football referees according to various variables.

Material and Methods: The sample included 278 football referees (Meanage=26.00 ± 5.72 years) from different classes in Ankara province. Participants, selected by convenience sampling, completed the Referee Self-Efficacy Scale (REFS). After testing the main assumptions of parametric tests, t-tests and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used for data analysis.

Results: The t-tests revealed no significant difference in gender and education. As for the ANOVA results, there were significant differences in REFS dimensions “physical competency,” “game knowledge,” and “decision-making” in age; “game knowledge” and “decision-making” in income; and “physical competency” and “decision-making” in refereeing level.

Conclusion: Self-efficacy levels of football referees vary according to refereeing categories, income levels, and age.


Key words: football, referees, self-efficacy


Cite this article as:

AMA:

Kural S, Aydin F. Examining self-efficacy levels of football referees . Balt J Health Phys Activ. 2021;1(2):-. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.2021.Suppl.2.12

APA:

Kural, S.., & Aydin, F. (2021). Examining self-efficacy levels of football referees . Balt J Health Phys Activ, 1(2), -. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.2021.Suppl.2.12

Chicago:

Kural, Sercan , Aydin Faruk. 2021. "Examining self-efficacy levels of football referees ". Balt J Health Phys Activ 1 (2): -. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.2021.Suppl.2.12

Harvard:

Kural, S.., and Aydin, F. (2021). Examining self-efficacy levels of football referees . Balt J Health Phys Activ, 1(2), pp.-. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.2021.Suppl.2.12

MLA:

Kural, S.., and Aydin, F. "Examining self-efficacy levels of football referees ." Balt J Health Phys Activ, vol. 1, no. 2, 2021, pp. -. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.2021.Suppl.2.12

Vancouver:

Kural S, Aydin F. Examining self-efficacy levels of football referees . Balt J Health Phys Activ 2021; 1(2): -. Available from: doi:10.29359/BJHPA.2021.Suppl.2.12