2019, Volume 11, Issue 4
Diagnosis, treatment and statistic of anterior cruciate ligament injuries
Paweł Gwiazdoń1, Agnieszka Racut2, Magdalena Strózik3, Wioletta Bała2, Katarzyna Klimek2, Jolanta Rajca2, Grzegorz Hajduk2
1Galen-Orthopaedics, Bieruń; The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice; Medical University of Silesia, Katowice
3Galen-Orthopaedics, Bieruń, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice
Author for correspondence: Paweł Gwiazdoń; Galen-Orthopaedics, Bieruń; The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice; Medical University of Silesia, Katowice ; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
One of the most frequently damaged structures of knee is the ACL. Among risk factors for ACL injury, particular attention is paid to anatomic ones-structural, hormonal, genetic, biomechanical, neuromuscular and environmental disorders. Correctly performed diagnostics and rehabilitation after knee injury determine the effectiveness of treatment. The diagnostic methods includes: subject examination, physical examination, imaging diagnostics and arthrometry. The overarching goal after ACL injury is regain knee joint stability and return to full mobility thus surgical methods to restore passive joint stability are recommended. Regular physical activity appears to be essential in maintaining good physical condition as opposed to a prevalently sedentary lifestyle. A properly selected form of movement and intensity convey improvement of our health, better body shape, improvement of ability and physical activity as well as improvement of well-being. Excessive loads on the musculoskeletal system and incorrect posture during exercise are not recommend, because these can lead to injury.
Key words: anterior cruciate ligament, ACL injuries, ACL reconstruction, diagnostics, treatment strategy