2019, Volume 11, Issue 4

The characteristics of biofeedback techniques used in pelvic floor muscle training for healthy pregnant women – A narrative review



Monika Błudnicka1, Magdalena Piernicka2, Anna Szumilewicz3

1Doctoral Studies, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk
2 Doctoral Studies and the Faculty of Physical Culture, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk
3Faculty of Physical Culture, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk


Author for correspondence: Monika Błudnicka; Doctoral Studies, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk; email: mbludnicka@interia.pl

DOI: 10.29359/BJHPA.11.4.10

Full text

Abstract

Background: Due to the location of pelvic floor muscles, training with biofeedback for this muscle group is encouraged. The aim of this study was to characterize the use patterns of various biofeedback techniques in pelvic floor muscle training in healthy pregnant women.

Material and Methods: It was a narrative review study using MEDLINE database and the following keywords: ‘pelvic floor’, ‘pregnancy’ and ‘biofeedback’. For the analysis we included 8 studies meeting the criteria of being experimental trials in healthy pregnant women and including the characteristics of biofeedback techniques used in pelvic floor muscle training.

Results: The most commonly used technique of biofeedback was palpation (in 4 out of 8 studies). Other techniques used a perineometer, ultrasonography, electromyography or electrostimulation. The time span between pre- and post-assessment was 27 ± 21 (M ± SD) weeks and the number of biofeedback sessions varied from 1 to 12 during the intervention.

Conclusions: Because of different analyzed pelvic floor parameters and patterns of biofeedback applications, it was impossible to compare them. There are no clear guidelines for the use of biofeedback in pelvic floor muscle training.


Key words: pelvic floor muscle training, pregnancy, biofeedback, training effectiveness


Cite this article as:

AMA:

Błudnicka M, Piernicka M, Szumilewicz A. The characteristics of biofeedback techniques used in pelvic floor muscle training for healthy pregnant women – A narrative review . Balt J Health Phys Activ. 2019;11(4):87-95. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.11.4.10

APA:

Błudnicka, M., Piernicka, M., & Szumilewicz, A. (2019). The characteristics of biofeedback techniques used in pelvic floor muscle training for healthy pregnant women – A narrative review . Balt J Health Phys Activ, 11(4), 87-95. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.11.4.10

Chicago:

Błudnicka, Monika, Piernicka Magdalena, Szumilewicz Anna. 2019. "The characteristics of biofeedback techniques used in pelvic floor muscle training for healthy pregnant women – A narrative review ". Balt J Health Phys Activ 11 (4): 87-95. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.11.4.10

Harvard:

Błudnicka, M., Piernicka, M., and Szumilewicz, A. (2019). The characteristics of biofeedback techniques used in pelvic floor muscle training for healthy pregnant women – A narrative review . Balt J Health Phys Activ, 11(4), pp.87-95. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.11.4.10

MLA:

Szumilewicz, Anna et al. "The characteristics of biofeedback techniques used in pelvic floor muscle training for healthy pregnant women – A narrative review ." Balt J Health Phys Activ, vol. 11, no. 4, 2019, pp. 87-95. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.11.4.10

Vancouver:

Błudnicka M, Piernicka M, Szumilewicz A. The characteristics of biofeedback techniques used in pelvic floor muscle training for healthy pregnant women – A narrative review . Balt J Health Phys Activ 2019; 11(4): 87-95. Available from: doi:10.29359/BJHPA.11.4.10