2019, Volume 11, Issue 2
Comparison of body composition, physical fitness parameters and skeletal muscle damage indices among young Indian male soccer & hockey players
Surojit Sarkar1, Subhra Chatterjee (nee Karmakar)1, Swapan Kumar Dey1
1Sports Authority of India, Netaji Subhas Eastern Center, Salt Lake City, Kolkata
Author for correspondence: Swapan Kumar Dey; Sports Authority of India, Netaji Subhas Eastern Center, Salt Lake City, Kolkata; email: email@example.com
Background: The present study was aimed to evaluate the evidential comparison of anthropometric, body composition, and physical fitness parameters and muscle damage indices between soccer and field hockey players.
Material and methods: Forty-one young Indian male players (including soccer, N = 18, and hockey, N = 23) were evaluated for anthropometric parameters (height, weight, BMI, BMR), and physical fitness variables (grip strength, back strength, flexibility, VO2max, anaerobic power) using standard procedures. Body composition (fat mass, fat free mass, cell mass, muscle mass, fluid content, glycogen, minerals, body density) was assessed by using multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analyzer (BIA). Muscle damage indices (lactate dehydrogenase, LDH; creatine kinase, CK-MB) were measured via standard spectrophotometric assay protocols.
Results: Grip strengths and VO2max were found to be significantly higher among field hockey players, whereas lower values were found for relative anaerobic power (Wpower). LDH and CK-MB were found to be higher in soccer players. The correlation study depicts a positive relation between Wpower and LDH (r = 0.307, insignificant) and CK-MB (r = 0.330, p < 0.05).
Conclusions: Field hockey players have better muscular coordination and body balance with generous endurance capacity as they have higher strength indices and VO2max. Higher glycolytic capacity and sprinting ability was found among soccer players.
Key words: body composition, strength indices, VO2max, relative anaerobic power, lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase