2018, Volume 10, Issue 4

Examining an Adapted Version of Ryff’s Scales of Psychological Well-Being in Sport



Despina Kouali1, Craig Hall1, Paige Pope2

1School of Kinesiology, Western University
2University of Lethbridge


Author for correspondence: Despina Kouali; School of Kinesiology, Western University; email: dkouali@uwo.ca

DOI: 10.29359/BJHPA.10.4.20

Full text

Abstract

Background:  ‪In the sport literature, the majority of studies have failed to distinguish between general well-being and well-being specific to the sport context. This is partly because of a lack of sport specific measurement tools. The purpose of the present study was to adapt an existing eudaimonic well-being global instrument (i.e., Scales of Psychological Well-Being) for the sport context. 

Material and methods:  ‪The study included two phases. A panel of nine experts assessed the content relevance of each of the modified items of three scales of the SPWB in Phase 1 and a set of 19 items was retained with modifications. Four hundred athletes (Mage = 25.07, SD = 7.34), participating in a variety of sports participated in Phase 2 and a three-factor model was examined using confirmatory factor analysis. 

Results:  ‪The results revealed poor model fit and high inter-factor correlations (above .9). Thus, a two-factor model and one-factor model were also tested with results revealing again poor fit to the data. 

Conclusions:  ‪The data from the modified items failed to confirm that the global measure of Scales of Psychological Well-Being can be adapted for the sport context. The need for the development of a sport-specific instrument is discussed.


Key words: eudaimonic well-being, validity, sport


Cite this article as:

AMA:

Kouali D, Hall C, Pope P. Examining an Adapted Version of Ryff’s Scales of Psychological Well-Being in Sport . Balt J Health Phys Activ. 2018;10(4):213-225. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.4.20

APA:

Kouali, D., Hall, C., & Pope, P. (2018). Examining an Adapted Version of Ryff’s Scales of Psychological Well-Being in Sport . Balt J Health Phys Activ, 10(4), 213-225. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.10.4.20

Chicago:

Kouali, Despina, Hall Craig, Pope Paige. 2018. "Examining an Adapted Version of Ryff’s Scales of Psychological Well-Being in Sport ". Balt J Health Phys Activ 10 (4): 213-225. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.4.20

Harvard:

Kouali, D., Hall, C., and Pope, P. (2018). Examining an Adapted Version of Ryff’s Scales of Psychological Well-Being in Sport . Balt J Health Phys Activ, 10(4), pp.213-225. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.10.4.20

MLA:

Pope, Paige et al. "Examining an Adapted Version of Ryff’s Scales of Psychological Well-Being in Sport ." Balt J Health Phys Activ, vol. 10, no. 4, 2018, pp. 213-225. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.4.20

Vancouver:

Kouali D, Hall C, Pope P. Examining an Adapted Version of Ryff’s Scales of Psychological Well-Being in Sport . Balt J Health Phys Activ 2018; 10(4): 213-225. Available from: doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.4.20