2018, Volume 10, Issue 4

Changes in the body posture of elder women under the influence of various Nordic walking training program



Monika Wiech1, Krzysztof Prusik1, Katarzyna Prusik1, Zbigniew Ossowski1, Jakub Kortas1, Łukasz Bielawa1

1Faculty of Tourism and Recreation, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport


Author for correspondence: Monika Wiech; Faculty of Tourism and Recreation, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport; email: wiechmonika3@gmail.com

DOI: 10.29359/BJHPA.10.4.12

Full text

Abstract

Background:  One of the effects of involution is the change in the body posture. Muscles lose their flexibility and strength, causing the typical changes in body posture of the elderly. Hyperkyphosis is a typical feature of the posture, which leads to serious health problems. The aim of the study was to analyse changes in the body posture of elderly women who took part in diversified Nordic walking training.

Material and methods: ‪The study group comprised 90 elderly women divided into two experimental groups and control. The main method was an experiment. The tested women took part in a 6-month Nordic walking training cycle. Women from the control group did not take part in any organised form of physical activity. Evaluation of the body posture was made by the silhouette-based Staffel method. 

Results: ‪Nordic walking training has led to certain changes in the body posture. Women from experimental groups have improved their body posture. In the control some significant negative changes have been observed.

Conclusions: ‪Nordic walking is extremely useful for modelling body posture of the elderly. When the programme is complemented with the strengthening and stretching exercises, which shape the postural muscles, the effects are intensified.


Key words: Nordic walking, body posture, elderly


Cite this article as:

AMA:

Wiech M, Prusik K, Prusik K et al. Changes in the body posture of elder women under the influence of various Nordic walking training program. Balt J Health Phys Activ. 2018;10(4):131-139. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.4.12

APA:

Wiech, M., Prusik, K., Prusik, K., Ossowski, Z., Kortas, J., & Bielawa, . (2018). Changes in the body posture of elder women under the influence of various Nordic walking training program. Balt J Health Phys Activ, 10(4), 131-139. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.10.4.12

Chicago:

Wiech, Monika, Prusik Krzysztof, Prusik Katarzyna, Ossowski Zbigniew, Kortas Jakub, Bielawa Łukasz. 2018. "Changes in the body posture of elder women under the influence of various Nordic walking training program". Balt J Health Phys Activ 10 (4): 131-139. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.4.12

Harvard:

Wiech, M., Prusik, K., Prusik, K., Ossowski, Z., Kortas, J., and Bielawa, . (2018). Changes in the body posture of elder women under the influence of various Nordic walking training program. Balt J Health Phys Activ, 10(4), pp.131-139. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.10.4.12

MLA:

Bielawa, Łukasz et al. "Changes in the body posture of elder women under the influence of various Nordic walking training program." Balt J Health Phys Activ, vol. 10, no. 4, 2018, pp. 131-139. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.4.12

Vancouver:

Wiech M, Prusik K, Prusik K et al. Changes in the body posture of elder women under the influence of various Nordic walking training program. Balt J Health Phys Activ 2018; 10(4): 131-139. Available from: doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.4.12