2018, Volume 10, Issue 2

Polish adaptation and validation of the Anti-Fat Attitudes Scale – AFAS



Małgorzata Obara-Gołębiowska1, Justyna Michałek-Kwiecień1

1Department of Psychology of Development and Education, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn


Author for correspondence: Małgorzata Obara-Gołębiowska; Department of Psychology of Development and Education, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn; email: malgorzata. obara@gmail.com; m.obara-golebiowska@uwm.edu.pl

DOI: 10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.13

Full text

Abstract

Background: Bias, stigma, and discrimination in relation to weight are frequently experienced by many obese people. The goal of the present study was to develop a Polish adaptation of the Anti-Fat Attitudes Scale (AFAS) proposed by Morrison and O’Connor.

Materials/methods: The study was conducted on undergraduate students of the University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn. The original Canadian Scale Anti-Fat Attitudes Scale was translated into Polish, and its factor structure, reliability and construct validity were determined.

Results: The exploratory factor analysis (Study 1) supported the development of the Polish version of the Anti-Fat Attitudes Scale with a one-dimensional structure modeled on the original version of the scale (factor loading ranged from .71 to .85). The confirmatory factor analysis (Study 2) validated the one-factor structure of the tool with high values of GFI and AGFI (above .95) and an acceptable value of RMSEA (RMSEA =.07). The results of the analysis revealed that satisfactory stability was maintained over a 4-week period. The validity criterion was confirmed based on correlations with the constructs that were theoretically linked to this phenomenon.

Conclusions: The Polish version of the AFAS can be used to measure negative attitudes toward overweight individuals.


Key words: Anti-Fat Attitudes Scal, obesity, discrimination


Cite this article as:

AMA:

Obara-Gołębiowska M, Michałek-Kwiecień J. Polish adaptation and validation of the Anti-Fat Attitudes Scale – AFAS . Balt J Health Phys Activ. 2018;10(2):121-130. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.13

APA:

Obara-Gołębiowska, M., & Michałek-Kwiecień, J. (2018). Polish adaptation and validation of the Anti-Fat Attitudes Scale – AFAS . Balt J Health Phys Activ, 10(2), 121-130. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.13

Chicago:

Obara-Gołębiowska, Małgorzata, Michałek-Kwiecień Justyna. 2018. "Polish adaptation and validation of the Anti-Fat Attitudes Scale – AFAS ". Balt J Health Phys Activ 10 (2): 121-130. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.13

Harvard:

Obara-Gołębiowska, M., and Michałek-Kwiecień, J. (2018). Polish adaptation and validation of the Anti-Fat Attitudes Scale – AFAS . Balt J Health Phys Activ, 10(2), pp.121-130. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.13

MLA:

Michałek-Kwiecień, Justyna et al. "Polish adaptation and validation of the Anti-Fat Attitudes Scale – AFAS ." Balt J Health Phys Activ, vol. 10, no. 2, 2018, pp. 121-130. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.13

Vancouver:

Obara-Gołębiowska M, Michałek-Kwiecień J. Polish adaptation and validation of the Anti-Fat Attitudes Scale – AFAS . Balt J Health Phys Activ 2018; 10(2): 121-130. Available from: doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.13