2018, Volume 10, Issue 2
Prevalence of physical inactivity and associated factors among adults in Harar town, Eastern Ethiopia
Chalchisa Abdeta 1, Zelalem Teklemariam2, Berhanu Seyoum2
1Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital, Haramaya University, Harar
2College of Health and Medical Science, Haramaya University, Harar
Author for correspondence: Chalchisa Abdeta ; Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital, Haramaya University, Harar; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: The burden of physical inactivity was hidden in many low- and middle- income countries. This study determined the prevalence of physical inactivity and associated factors among adults in Harar town, Eastern Ethiopia.
Material and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 601 adults in April 2016. Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) ver. 2 was used to collect the data through face-to-face interview. Data were entered into EpiData version 3.02. Then, exported and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20. A binary logistic regression model was performed to identify factors associated with physical inactivity.
Results: The prevalence of physical inactivity was 45.5% (95% CI: 41.1%, 49.6%). Being female (AOR=2.36; 95% CI: 1.57, 3.53), age group from 41–50 years (AOR=3.02; 95% CI: 1.68, 5.45), privately employed (AOR=0.57; 95% CI: 0.36, 0.91), monthly incomes from 3,001–5,000 Ethiopian birr (AOR=3.71; 95% CI: 2.09, 6.56) and having no information about physical activity guidelines (AOR=3.48; 95% CI: 2.00, 6.03) were significantly associated with physical inactivity.
Conclusions: The majority of adults are at greater risk of developing non-communicable diseases due to high prevalence of inactivity. Thus, immediate actions are suggested with community-based physical activity interventions.
Key words: physical inactivity, non-communicable diseases, prevalence, factors, Ethiopia