2018, Volume 10, Issue 2

The effect of n‪icotine on oral health



Grzegorz Trybek1, Olga Preuss1, Magda Aniko-Włodarczyk1, Piotr Kuligowski1, Ewa Gabrysz-Trybek2, Aleksandra Suchanecka2, Anna Grzywacz2, Patryk Niewczas3

1Department of Dental Surgery, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin
2Independent Laboratory of Health Promotion, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin
3Faculty of Physical Education, University of Rzeszów


Author for correspondence: Magda Aniko-Włodarczyk; Department of Dental Surgery, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin; email: magdaniko@wp.pl

DOI: 10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.01

Full text

Abstract

Background: Nicotine absorbed by the skin and also by the digestive, respiratory and excretory systems is one of the most known toxins found in tobacco. ‪This work reviews available literature on the influence of nicotine on human health, and in particular on the oral cavity.  

Material/Methods:  ‪A review of literature related to the topic of the paper.

Results: Numerous studies indicate that nicotine adversely affects human health. ‪It exerts a negative effect at the cellular level by modifying metabolism, and disturbs the interactions between tissues, which strongly promotes the formation of cancer-like changes. Nicotine causes numerous pathologies in the respiratory, immune, and cardiovascular systems leading to a number of metabolic disorders.

Conclusions:  The intake of  nicotine contained in tobacco  products  has a particularly   negative  effect on  the oral  cavity.‬  It accelerates periodontitis, with weaker clinical symptoms associated with resistance to conventional treatment.‬ ‪In addition, nicotine  changes  the  oral  cavity  microflora,  increasing  the amount  of harmful  bacteria  and  pathogenic  fungi.‬


Key words: tobacco, nicotine, oral health


Cite this article as:

AMA:

Trybek G, Preuss O, Aniko-Włodarczyk M et al. The effect of n‪icotine on oral health . Balt J Health Phys Activ. 2018;10(2):7-13. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.01

APA:

Trybek, G., Preuss, O., Aniko-Włodarczyk, M., Kuligowski, P., Gabrysz-Trybek, E., & Suchanecka, A. et al. (2018). The effect of n‪icotine on oral health . Balt J Health Phys Activ, 10(2), 7-13. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.01

Chicago:

Trybek, Grzegorz, Preuss Olga, Aniko-Włodarczyk Magda, Kuligowski Piotr, Gabrysz-Trybek Ewa, Suchanecka Aleksandra, and Grzywacz Anna et al. 2018. "The effect of n‪icotine on oral health ". Balt J Health Phys Activ 10 (2): 7-13. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.01

Harvard:

Trybek, G., Preuss, O., Aniko-Włodarczyk, M., Kuligowski, P., Gabrysz-Trybek, E., Suchanecka, A., Grzywacz, A., and Niewczas, P. (2018). The effect of n‪icotine on oral health . Balt J Health Phys Activ, 10(2), pp.7-13. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.01

MLA:

Niewczas, Patryk et al. "The effect of n‪icotine on oral health ." Balt J Health Phys Activ, vol. 10, no. 2, 2018, pp. 7-13. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.01

Vancouver:

Trybek G, Preuss O, Aniko-Włodarczyk M et al. The effect of n‪icotine on oral health . Balt J Health Phys Activ 2018; 10(2): 7-13. Available from: doi:10.29359/BJHPA.10.2.01