2018, Volume 10, Issue 1
Health behaviours as mediators of relationships between the actual image and real and ideal images of one’s own body
Anna Łysak1, Dominika Wilczyńska2, Anna Walentukiewicz1, Magdalena Podczarska-Głowacka1, Karol Karasiewicz3
1Faculty of Rehabilitation and Kinesiology, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
2Faculty of Physical Education, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
3Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Gdansk
Author for correspondence: Dominika Wilczyńska; Faculty of Physical Education, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: Health behaviours are consolidated and modified throughout human life; however, adolescence is a significant stage in the process of acquiring them.One of theidentifiers of the represented health behaviours is a proper level of body fat influenced by self- assessment of own image.
Material/Methods: The authors considered relationships between the real image, health behaviours and self-assessment of own appearance; these were analysed using a sample of randomly selected 830 adolescents. The body composition analysis was conducted by means of bioelectrical impedance, assessment of self-image was done with Stunkard’s Figure Rating Scale, and assessment of health behaviours was done with Juczyński’s Health Behaviour Inventory.
Results: The mediatory role of health behaviours between the actual body outline and the self-assessment of body image as well as the desired body was not observed; nonetheless, most of the respondents wanted a slimmer body.
Conclusions: The observed difference between self-assessment of the real and the desired body and the related consequences for physical and psychological health encourage one to include promotion of a positive body image itself to stabilize high body self-esteem.
Key words: body mass, health behaviours, body image, mediators